First Power On
The Arduino, Bluetooth Module and Op-Amp have not been connected yet as these are the components most susceptible to being damaged by an error with the board. Before plugging in these final components or powering up the board it is sensible to carry out some simple checks.
Visually inspect the soldering, looking for any areas where the solder has bridged connections, creating short circuits, especially on the closer op-amp, Arduino and Bluetooth pins. If any shorts are found, fix them. A small magnifying glass can be useful for identifying issues here.
On the back of the PCB there are multiple 3mm silver circles, each with a label ending in 'TP'. These are test points, designed to give easy multimeter access for testing the board.
The multimeter tests checks that there are no short circuits on the board. Place the multimeter into continuity mode (aka beep mode) and check that there is no continuity between any of the pads. The most important checks are that no other test point has continuity to the ground test point, and that no other test point has continuity to the 5V test point. There should also be no continuity between any of the other test points.
If a bench power supply is available, this is the safest power source to use. Set the voltage to 24V and the current limit to around 0.3A and attach to the power connectors 24v and ground pins. If a bench power supply isn’t available a pair of Greenpower batteries can be used, but there must be a fuse inline between the battery and the board. Preferably 1A, but 5A is sufficient.
Once connected, assuming the current limiter hasn’t been hit, use the multimeter to check that the 5V rail on the board is reading 5V. If it isn’t check the soldering of the power module and ensure that the 24V is getting to it.
Once you have completed the above checks, plug in the Arduino, Bluetooth module and op-amp.
- The Arduino plugs in with the USB connection to the outside edge of the PCB.
- The op-amp has a dot on one corner, this goes with the notched end of the 8-pin socket.
- The Bluetooth module can connect directly to the 6-pin header on the PCB, or through the included 6 way jumper cable. Ensure that it is plugged in the right way round using the silkscreen labels on the PCB and bluetooth module.
Power up and you should get some flashing LEDs on the Arduino and the BT module. This is now a complete, but unprogrammed eChook nano board.